Now showing items 11299-11318 of 11345

    • Warming and Earlier Spring Increase Western U.S. Forest Wildfire Activity 

      Westerling, Anthony LeRoy; Hidalgo León, Hugo G.; Cayan, Daniel R.; Swetnam, Thomas W. (2006-08-18)
      Western United States forest wildfire activity is widely thought to have increased in recent decades, yet neither the extent of recent changes nor the degree to which climate may be driving regional changes in wildfire has ...
    • Wasp florivory decreases reproductive success in an epiphytic bromeliad 

      Cascante Marín, Alfredo; Wolf, Jan H. D.; Oostermeijer, J. Gerard B. (2009)
      Flower predation or florivory may alter the sexual expression, floral display, and reduce the reproductive success in plants. In this article, we estimated the effect of florivory on the reproductive success of the epiphytic ...
    • Weather and climate socio-economic impacts in Central America for the management and protection of world heritage sites and the Diquis Delta culture in Costa Rica (a case study) 

      Amador Astúa, Jorge Alberto; Alfaro Martínez, Eric J. (Advances in Geosciences, 35, 157–167, 2014, 2014-01-10)
      The Central America region hosts a valuable amount of World Heritage Sites (WHS), many of them located in areas of floods, landslides, drought, high winds, intense precipitations, and earthquakes. The effective management ...
    • Weaving sociocultural change and cognitive development together 

      Carmiol Barboza, Ana María; Cenko, Enila (2007)
      In her book Weaving Generations Together, Patricia Greenfield presents an account of the nature and course of human development that suggests a tight relationship with sociocultural change. During two extensive stays in ...
    • Web accessibility for people with reduced mobility: A case study using eye tracking 

      Arias Soto, Emmanuel; López Herrera, Gustavo; Quesada Quirós, Luis; Guerrero Blanco, Luis Alberto (2016)
      Traditional web interfaces often rely on keyboard/mouse input to work. This characteristic forces people with reduced mobility to adapt or do not use the applications at all. This paper proposes a prototype to increase web ...
    • Web technologies of the self: The arising of the "blogger" identity 

      Siles González, Ignacio (2012-07)
      Drawing on Michel Foucault's theories of subjectivity, this paper conceptualizes early blogging and online diary writing as “technologies of the self,” that is, procedures through which practitioners enacted certain ...
    • Welcome to the Atta world: A framework for understanding the effects of leaf‐cutter ants on ecosystem functions 

      Swanson, Amanda C.; Schwendenmann, Luitgard; Allen, Michael F.; Aronson, Emma L.; Artavia León, Allan; Dierick, Diego; Fernandez Bou, Angel Santiago; Harmon, Thomas C.; Murillo Cruz, Catalina; Oberbauer, Steven F.; Pinto Tomás, Adrián A.; Rundel, Philip W.; Zelikova, Tamara Jane (2019)
      1. Leaf‐cutter ants are a prominent feature in Neotropical ecosystems, but a comprehensive assessment of their effects on ecosystem functions is lacking. We reviewed the literature and used our own recent findings to ...
    • Welfare Regimes in Latin America: Capturing Constellations of Markets, Families and Policies 

      Martínez Franzoni, Juliana (2008-06)
      This article presents both a theoretical framework and a methodology that attempt to capture the complex interactions among labor markets, families, and public policy that currently constitute Latin American welfare regimes. ...
    • What can myxomycetes tell us about floricolous microbial systems? 

      Rojas Alvarado, Carlos Alonso; Valverde González, Randall; Rollins, Adam W.; Murillo Roos, Mariana (2017-02)
      The study described herein was conducted in Costa Rica in an effort to generate baseline data on the association between tropical inflorescences and a group of microorganisms known as myxomycetes. The assemblage structure ...
    • What do Chilean and Costa Rican psychologists believe and advise about parenting? 

      Castro Carrasco, Pablo Javier; Alaniz Flores, Paz Belén; Carmona Cortés, Daniela Marisol; Pizarro Rojas, Tatiana Paulina; Soto Fernández, Camila Monserrat; Fuster Barahona, Delia Tamara (2017)
      This research investigates the subjective theories of 12 Chilean and Costa Rican psychologists who work with children, with the purpose of describing and interpreting their explanations about child rearing. Episodic ...
    • What do you think of fungi? Perceptions by “educated” groups in Honduras and Costa Rica 

      Molina Murillo, Sergio Andrés; Rojas Alvarado, Carlos Alonso; Somerville, Stephanie; Doss, Robin G.; Lemus, Belquis (2015)
      This study was designed in order to compensate for the poor availability of information about the human-fungi interaction in Central America. We surveyed two “educated” groups of people in higher institutions within urban ...
    • What is good science and how far can it go? 

      Aragón Vargas, Luis Fernando (2017)
      The purpose of this paper is to address some issues in introductory philosophy of science: the nature of science, what are its limits, and if and how they should be managed. An attempt is also made to prepare a well-supported ...
    • When a little is enough: cocoon web of Kapogea cyrtophoroides (Araneae: Araneidae) induced by Hymenoepimecis heidyae (Ichneumonidae: Pimplinae) 

      Barrantes Montero, Gilbert; Segura Hernández, Laura; Solano Brenes, Diego; Hanson Snortun, Paul (2018)
      The final instar larvae of the koinobiont ectoparasitoids in the Polysphincta group of genera induce their host spiders to construct webs that protect the wasp pupa during its development. It has been hypothesized that ...
    • When genes move farther than offspring: gene flow by male gamete dispersal in the highly philopatric bat species Thyroptera tricolor 

      Buchalski, Michael R.; Chaverri Echandi, Gloriana; Vonhof, Maarten J. (2013-11)
      For species characterized by philopatry of both sexes, mate selection represents an important behaviour for inbreeding avoidance, yet the implications for gene flow are rarely quantified. Here, we present evidence of male ...
    • Who Cares in Nicaragua? A Care Regime in an Exclusionary Social Policy Context 

      Martínez Franzoni, Juliana; Voorend, Koen (2012-04-25)
    • Who Cares in Nicaragua? A Care Regime in an Exclusionary Social Policy Context 

      Martínez Franzoni, Juliana; Voorend, Koen (2011-09-14)
      In Latin American countries with historically strong social policy regimes (such as those in the Southern Cone), neoliberal policies are usually blamed for the increased burden of female unpaid work. However, studying the ...
    • Why and How to Build Universal Social Policy in the South 

      Martínez Franzoni, Juliana; Sánchez Ancochea, Diego; Chandra, Vandana; Mignon, Duffy; Ernst, Dieter; Ferraro, Vincent; Ford, Martin; Nubler, Irmgard; Pollin, Robert; Rueda, David; Standing, Guy; Thewissen, Stefan (2018-06-15)
      In Confronting Dystopia, a distinguished group of scholars analyze the implications of the ongoing technological revolution for jobs, working conditions, and income. Focusing on the economic and political implications of ...
    • Why is the electrocaloric effect so small in ferroelectrics? 

      Guzmán Verri, Gian Giacomo; Littlewood, Peter B. (2016-05-19)
      Ferroelectrics are attractive candidate materials for environmentally friendly solid state refrigeration free of greenhouse gases. Their thermal response upon variations of external electric fields is largest in the vicinity ...
    • Why myotoxin-containing snake venoms possess powerful nucleotidases? 

      Caccin, Paola; Pellegatti, Patrizia; Fernández Ulate, Julián; Vono, Maria; Cintra Francischinelli, Mariana; Lomonte, Bruno; Gutiérrez, José María; Di Virgilio, Francesco; Montecucco, Cesare (2013-01-25)
      The venom of the snake Bothrops asper causes muscle necrosis, pain and inflammation. This venom contains myotoxins which cause an increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration and release of K+ and ATP from myotubes. ATP ...
    • Widespread local chronic stressors in Caribbean coastal habitats 

      Chollett, Iliana; Collin, Rachel; Bastidas, Carolina; Cróquer, Aldo; Gayle, Peter M. H.; Jordán Dahlgren, Eric; Patterson, Heather M.; Koltes, Karen H.; Oxenford, Hazel A.; Rodríguez Ramírez, Alberto; Weil, Ernesto; Alemu I., Jahson B.; Bone, David; Buchan, Kenneth C.; Creary Ford, Marcia; Escalante Mancera, Edgar; Garzón Ferreira, Jaime; Guzmán Espinal, Héctor M.; Kjerfve, Björn; Klein Salas, Eduardo; McCoy, Croy; Potts, Arthur C.; Ruíz Rentería, Francisco; Smith, Struan R.; Tschirky, John J.; Cortés Núñez, Jorge (2017)
      Coastal ecosystems and the livelihoods they support are threatened by stressors acting at global and local scales. Here we used the data produced by the Caribbean Coastal Marine Productivity program (CARICOMP), the longest, ...