Now showing items 221-230 of 260
Synthetic peptides derived from the C-terminal region of Lys49 phospholipase A2 homologues from Viperidae snake venoms: biomimetic activities and potential applications
Lys49-phospholipase A2 homologues constitute a large family of toxins present in the venoms of viperid snake species, which despite lacking catalytic activity, cause significant skeletal muscle necrosis. The main structural ...
Acute physiopathological effects of honeybee (Apis mellifera) envenoming by subcutaneous route in a mouse model
Bee stings are a health concern in the Americas, where fatal envenomings due to massive attacks by Africanized honeybees have been documented in the last decades. Most studies on the toxic effects of honeybee venom in ...
Mortality by Hymenoptera stings in Costa Rica, 1985-2006
Mortalidad por picaduras de himenópteros en Costa Rica, 1985–2006
Objective. To analyze mortality due to Hymenoptera stings in Costa Rica during 1985–2006. Methods. Records of deaths due to Hymenoptera stings in 1985–2006 were retrieved from Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos ...
Susceptibilidad de Trypanosoma cruzi a diferentes venenos de serpientes de Costa Rica
Susceptibility of Trypanosoma cruzi to different Costa Rican snake venoms
Se evaluaron los efectos tóxicos de los venenos de cinco serpientes costarricenses en cuanto a su capacidad tripanocida contra dos cepas de Trypanosoma cruzi y sus efectos en cuanto a los mecanismos de muerte celular. ...
Ability of fucoidan to prevent muscle necrosis induced by snake venom myotoxins: comparison of high- and low-molecular weight fractions
Fucoidan, a natural polysaccharide extracted from brown seaweed, inhibits the myotoxic phospholipases A2 present in the venoms of crotalid snakes. This study evaluated the influence of molecular weight on the ability of ...
Differential susceptibility of C2C12 myoblasts and myotubes to group II phospholipase A2 myotoxins from crotalid snake venoms
Group II phospholipase A2 (PLA2) myotoxins isolated from Viperidae/Crotalidae snake venoms induce a rapid cytolytic effect upon diverse cell types in vitro. Previous studies suggested that this effect could be more ...
Isolation, characterization and molecular cloning of AnMIP, a new α-type phospholipase A2 myotoxin inhibitor from the plasma of the snake Atropoides nummifer (Viperidae: Crotalinae)
A new phospholipase A2 (PLA2)-inhibitory protein was isolated from the plasma of Atropoides nummifer, a crotaline snake from Central America. This inhibitor was named AnMIP, given its ability to neutralize the activity ...
Fungicidal activity of a phospholipase A2-derived synthetic peptide variant against Candida albicans
pEM-2, a 13-mer synthetic peptide variant derived from myotoxin II, a phospholipase A2 homologue present in Bothrops asper snake venom, has shown potent bactericidal activity in previous studies due to the combination of ...
Cytotoxicity of Lachesis muta muta snake (bushmaster) venom and its purified basic phospholipase A2 (LmTX-I) in cultured cells
Human envenoming by Lachesis muta muta venom, although infrequent, is rather severe, being characterized by pronounced local tissue damage and systemic dysfunctions. Studies on the pharmacological actions of L. m. muta ...
Catalytically inactive phospholipase A2 homologue binds to vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 via C-terminal loop region
VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) regulates neovascularization through binding to its receptorKDR(kinase insert domaincontaining receptor; VEGF receptor-2). We recently identified a catalytically inactive PLA2 ...