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Effect of geographical variation of Echis ocellatus, Naja nigricollis and Bitis arietans venoms on their neutralization by homologous and heterologous antivenoms
Two antivenoms prepared by using Echis ocellatus, Bitis arietans and Naja nigricollis venoms from different locations in sub-Saharan Africa were compared for their neutralizing ability. Both antivenoms were similarly ...
Snake venomics and antivenomics of Protobothrops mucrosquamatus and Viridovipera stejnegeri from Taiwan: Keys to understand the variable immune response in horses
The proteomes of the venoms of the snakes Viridovipera stejnegeri and Protobothrops mucrosquamatus from Taiwan were characterized by N-terminal sequencing, MALDI-TOF mass fingerprinting, and collision-induced dissociation ...
Preclinical evaluation of caprylic-acid fractionated IgG antivenom for the treatment of taipan (Oxyuranus scutellatus) envneoming in Papua New Guinea
(PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 5 (5) e1144, 2011-05-17)
Background: Snake bite is a common medical emergency in Papua New Guinea (PNG). The taipan, Oxyuranus scutellatus, inflicts a large number of bites that, in the absence of antivenom therapy, result in high mortality. ...
Comparison of the effect of Crotalus simus and Crotalus durissus ruruima venoms on the equine antibody response towards Bothrops asper venom: Implications for the production of polyspecific snake antivenoms
Antivenoms are preparations of immunoglobulins purified from the plasma of animals immunized with snake venoms. Depending on the number of venoms used during the immunization, antivenoms can be monospecific (if venom from ...
Role of the animal model on the pharmacokinetics of equine-derived antivenoms
Antivenom pharmacokinetics has been studied in heterologous models in which the animal species used as immunoglobulin source is different from that used as recipient. In these models, after intravenous administration of ...
Immune Response Towards Snake Venoms
The immune response involves a complex repertoire of innate and adaptive responses to foreign agents in the organism. The present review focuses on the immune response to snake venoms, including those occurring in snakebite ...