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The Phospholipase A2 Homologues of Snake Venoms: Biological Activities and Their Possible Adaptive Roles
A particular subgroup of toxins with phospholipase A2 (PLA2) structure, but devoid of this enzymatic activity, is commonly found in the venoms of snakes of the family Viperidae, and known as the PLA2 homologues. Among ...
Profiling the venom gland transcriptomes of Costa Rican snakes by 454 pyrosequencing
(BMC Genomics, 12:259, 2011, 2011)
Background: A long term research goal of venomics, of applied importance for improving current antivenom therapy, but also for drug discovery, is to understand the pharmacological potential of venoms. Individually ...
Venomous snakes of Costa Rica: biological and medical implications of their venom proteomic profiles analyzed through the strategy of snake venomics
(Journal of Proteomics XX (2014) XXX – XXX, Available online 24 February 2014, 2014-02-24)
In spite of its small territory of ~50,000 km2, Costa Rica harbors a remarkably rich biodiversity. Its herpetofauna includes 138 species of snakes, of which sixteen pit vipers (family Viperidae, subfamily Crotalinae), five ...
Snake venomics of the pit vipers Porthidium nasutum, Porthidium ophryomegas, and Cerrophidion godmani from Costa Rica: Toxicological and taxonomical insights
Within the Neotropical pit vipers, a lineage of primarily Middle American snake species referred to as the “Porthidium group” includes the genera Atropoides, Cerrophidion, and Porthidium. In this study, the venom proteomes ...
Integrated “omics” profiling indicates that miRNAs are modulators of the ontogenetic venom composition shift in the Central American rattlesnake, Crotalus simus simus
Background Understanding the processes that drive the evolution of snake venom is a topic of great research interest in molecular and evolutionary toxinology. Recent studies suggest that ontogenetic changes in venom ...