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dc.creatorJiménez Díaz, Judith
dc.creatorSalazar Rojas, Wálter
dc.creatorMorera Castro, María
dc.date2015-10-28
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-02T22:32:56Z
dc.date.available2016-05-02T22:32:56Z
dc.identifierhttp://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/pem/article/view/18327
dc.identifier10.15517/pensarmov.v13i2.18327
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10669/21638
dc.descriptionFundamental motor skills are the basis for participation in more advanced lifetime activities. Whereas considerable research has been reported on motor behavior of children, much less is known about performance in later years, especially adulthood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine age and gender differences on fundamental motor skills (FMS) ability across three age groups: children (M = 9.37 yr., SD = 1.26), adolescents (M = 14.80 yr., SD = 2.04) and young-adults (M = 19.88 yr., SD = 2.72). Participants (n = 114) were assessed on five locomotor skills (run, gallop, slide, hop, and distance jump) and five object control skills (bounce, catch, overhand throw, strike and kick) using the Test for Fundamental Motor Skills, which is a process-oriented instrument. ANOVA results comparing gender and group revealed no significant interactions. Moreover, main effects for group were found for three individual skills: galloping –adolescents and young-adults performed better than children (p < .01)–, throwing –children and adolescents performed better than young-adults (p < .01) –, and kicking –young-adults performed better than children and adolescents (p < .05)–. Also, we found main effects for gender for total FMS ability (p < .01), locomotor subscale (p < .05) and object control subscale (p < .01), and for six individual motor skills: run (p < .05), jump (p < .05), throw (p < .01), kick (p < .01), bounce (p < .01) and strike (p < .01); males outperformed females for all the skills. However, in view of total FMS ability, locomotor skills and object control skills results suggest similar performance across ages. Therefore, it is important to enhance fundamental motor skills at all ages, as an option to help individuals engage in physical activities.en-US
dc.descriptionFundamental motor skills are the basis for participation in more advanced lifetime activities. Whereas considerable research has been reported on motor behavior of children, much less is known about performance in later years, especially adulthood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine age and gender differences on fundamental motor skills (FMS) ability across three age groups: children (M = 9.37 yr., SD = 1.26), adolescents (M = 14.80 yr., SD = 2.04) and young-adults (M = 19.88 yr., SD = 2.72). Participants (n = 114) were assessed on five locomotor skills (run, gallop, slide, hop, and distance jump) and five object control skills (bounce, catch, overhand throw, strike and kick) using the Test for Fundamental Motor Skills, which is a process-oriented instrument. ANOVA results comparing gender and group revealed no significant interactions. Moreover, main effects for group were found for three individual skills: galloping –adolescents and young-adults performed better than children (p < .01)–, throwing –children and adolescents performed better than young-adults (p < .01) –, and kicking –young-adults performed better than children and adolescents (p < .05)–. Also, we found main effects for gender for total FMS ability (p < .01), locomotor subscale (p < .05) and object control subscale (p < .01), and for six individual motor skills: run (p < .05), jump (p < .05), throw (p < .01), kick (p < .01), bounce (p < .01) and strike (p < .01); males outperformed females for all the skills. However, in view of total FMS ability, locomotor skills and object control skills results suggest similar performance across ages. Therefore, it is important to enhance fundamental motor skills at all ages, as an option to help individuals engage in physical activities.es-ES
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dc.languageeng
dc.languagespa
dc.publisherEscuela de Educación Física y Deportes - Universidad de Costa Ricaes-ES
dc.relationhttp://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/pem/article/view/18327/21997
dc.relationhttp://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/pem/article/view/18327/22008
dc.rightsCopyright (c) 2015 Judith Jiménez Díaz, Walter Salazar Rojas, María Moreraes-ES
dc.rightshttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0es-ES
dc.sourcePENSAR EN MOVIMIENTO (Thinking in/about Motion); Vol. 13, Núm. 2 (2015): Pensar en Movimiento: Revista de Ciencias del Ejercicio y la Salud (cierra 31 de diciembre); 1-16en-US
dc.sourcePensar en Movimiento: Revista de Ciencias del Ejercicio y la Salud; Vol. 13, Núm. 2 (2015): Pensar en Movimiento: Revista de Ciencias del Ejercicio y la Salud (cierra 31 de diciembre); 1-16es-ES
dc.sourcePensar en movimiento; Vol. 13, Núm. 2 (2015): Pensar en Movimiento: Revista de Ciencias del Ejercicio y la Salud (cierra 31 de diciembre); 1-16pt-PT
dc.source1659-4436
dc.source1409-0724
dc.titleAge and gender differences in fundamental motor skills (original version in English)en-US
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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