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Pheromone chirality of african palm weevil, Rhynchophorus phoenicis (F.) and palmetto weevil, Rhynthophorus crueniatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
There are four stereoisomers of both 3-methyl-octan-4-ol, the aggregation pheromone of the African palm weevil,Rhynchophorus phoenicis (F.) and 5-methyl-octan-4-ol, the aggregation pheromone of the palmetto weevil,Rhynchophorus ...
Ethyl propionate: Synergistic kairomone for african palm weevil,Rhynchophorus phoenicis L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
Small trunk pieces of a freshly felled 10-year-old oil palm,Elaeis quineensis (Jacq.), were placed in a modified Nalgene desiccator, and volatiles captured for six days on Porapak Q. Gas chromatographic (GC) analysis of ...
Structure, chirality, and field testing of a male-produced aggregation pheromone of Asian palm weevilRhynchophorus bilineatus (Montr.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
4-Methyl-5-nonanol is a male-produced aggregation pheromone of the Asian palm weevil,Rhynchophorus bilineatus (Montr.). The pheromone was identified by coupled gas chromatographic-electroantennographic detection (GC-EAD) ...
Reactivity and structure of derivatives of 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (lawsone)
The structures of two derivatives of 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (lawsone) are examined using the density functional theory (DFT) hybrid functional B3LYP. Using the optimized structure of lawsone acetate, the reactivity ...
Sex pheromone components of Diatraea considerata (Heinrich) (Lep., Pyralidae)
Three aldehydes. (Z)-11-hexadecenal (Z11–16:Ald), (Z)-7-hexadecenal (Z7–16:Ald) and (Z)-13-octadecenal (Z13–18:Ald), in a ratio of 74:23:3 are female-produced sex pheromone components of the pyralid moth, Diatraea considerata ...
Synthesis of 2-hydroxy-3-substituted naphthoquinones using the Heck reaction
An efficient Heck coupling of 2-hydroxy-3-iodo-naphthoquinone with a series of electron-deficient alkenes in aqueous solution has been accomplished. The method is characterized by simple conditions and facile work-up to ...
Sudoku Puzzles for First-Year Organic Chemistry Students
We use sudoku puzzles to help the students (i) learn the correspondence between the names of the amino acids, their abbreviations, and codes and (ii) learn the correspondence between the names of the functional groups, ...
Estrogenic and serotonergic butenolides from the leaves of Piper hispidum Swingle (Piperaceae)
(Journal of Ethnopharmacology 129(2): 220–226, 2010)
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Our previous work has demonstrated that several plants in the Piperaceae family are commonly used by the Q’eqchi Maya of Livingston, Guatemala to treat amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, and pain. ...
Aggregation Pheromone of Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros (L.) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
Male coconut rhinoceros beetles,Oryctes rhinoceros (L.), produce three sex-specific compounds, ethyl 4-methyloctanoate, ethyl 4-methylheptanoate, and 4-methyloctanoic acid, the first of which is an aggregation pheromone. ...
Efficient syntheses of streptocarpone and (±)-a-dunnione
An efficient divergent synthesis of both streptocarpone and racemic α-dunnione from lawsone are described. A one-pot, formal [3+2] cyclization to form a furanonaphthoquinone directly provided a common intermediate.