Now showing items 11-20 of 21
Reactivity and structure of derivatives of 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (lawsone)
The structures of two derivatives of 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (lawsone) are examined using the density functional theory (DFT) hybrid functional B3LYP. Using the optimized structure of lawsone acetate, the reactivity ...
Aggregation Pheromone of Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros (L.) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
Male coconut rhinoceros beetles,Oryctes rhinoceros (L.), produce three sex-specific compounds, ethyl 4-methyloctanoate, ethyl 4-methylheptanoate, and 4-methyloctanoic acid, the first of which is an aggregation pheromone. ...
Transformation of presumptive precursors to frontalin and exo-brevicomin by bark beetles and the West Indian sugarcane weevil (Coleoptera)
(Z)-6-Nonen-2-one (1) has recently been shown to be the biosynthetic precursor for the aggregation pheromone exo-brevicomin (2) in mountain pine beetle (MPB) males, Dendroctonus ponderosae (Hopkins). We tested the hypotheses ...
Aggregation pheromone of palmetto weevil, Rhynchophorus cruentatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
5-Methyl-4-octanol is the major aggregation pheromone of the palmetto weevil,Rhynchophorus cruentatus (F.). The pheromone (cruentol) was identified by coupled gas chromatographic-electroantennographic (GC-EAD) analysis of ...
Pheromone chirality of african palm weevil, Rhynchophorus phoenicis (F.) and palmetto weevil, Rhynthophorus crueniatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
There are four stereoisomers of both 3-methyl-octan-4-ol, the aggregation pheromone of the African palm weevil,Rhynchophorus phoenicis (F.) and 5-methyl-octan-4-ol, the aggregation pheromone of the palmetto weevil,Rhynchophorus ...
Ethyl propionate: Synergistic kairomone for african palm weevil,Rhynchophorus phoenicis L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
Small trunk pieces of a freshly felled 10-year-old oil palm,Elaeis quineensis (Jacq.), were placed in a modified Nalgene desiccator, and volatiles captured for six days on Porapak Q. Gas chromatographic (GC) analysis of ...
Aggregation Pheromone of Palm Weevil, Dynamis borassi
4-Methyl-5-nonanol (1) is the male-produced aggregation pheromone of the palm weevil, Dynamis borassi (F.) from Colombia. The pheromone was identified by coupled gas chromatographic–electroantennographic detection (GC-EAD) ...
Synthesis of Iodinated Naphthoquinones Using Morpholine-Iodine Complex
(Synthetic Communications Vol. 34, No. 18, pp. 3389–3397, 2004, 2004)
The efficient synthesis of 2‐hydroxy‐3‐iodo‐1,4‐naphthoquinone (3), 2‐amino‐3‐iodo‐1,4‐naphthoquinone (4), and 2‐iodo‐1,4‐naphthoquinone (5) have been developed using the parent naphthoquinone in combination with the ...
Efficient syntheses of streptocarpone and (±)-a-dunnione
An efficient divergent synthesis of both streptocarpone and racemic α-dunnione from lawsone are described. A one-pot, formal [3+2] cyclization to form a furanonaphthoquinone directly provided a common intermediate.
Estrogenic and serotonergic butenolides from the leaves of Piper hispidum Swingle (Piperaceae)
(Journal of Ethnopharmacology 129(2): 220–226, 2010)
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Our previous work has demonstrated that several plants in the Piperaceae family are commonly used by the Q’eqchi Maya of Livingston, Guatemala to treat amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, and pain. ...