Now showing items 31-40 of 57
Ecotoxicological analysis during the removal of carbofuran in fungal bioaugmented matrices
Biomixtures are used for the removal of pesticides from agricultural wastewater. As biomixtures employ high content of lignocellulosic substrates, their bioaugmentation with ligninolytic fungi represents a novel approach ...
Pristine but metal-rich Río Sucio (Dirty River) is dominated by Gallionella and other iron-sulfur oxidizing microbes
Whether the extreme conditions of acidity and heavy metal pollution of streams and rivers originating in pyritic formations are caused primarily by mining activities or by natural activities of metal-oxidizing microbes ...
Sudoku Puzzles for First-Year Organic Chemistry Students
We use sudoku puzzles to help the students (i) learn the correspondence between the names of the amino acids, their abbreviations, and codes and (ii) learn the correspondence between the names of the functional groups, ...
Structure, chirality, and field testing of a male-produced aggregation pheromone of Asian palm weevilRhynchophorus bilineatus (Montr.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
4-Methyl-5-nonanol is a male-produced aggregation pheromone of the Asian palm weevil,Rhynchophorus bilineatus (Montr.). The pheromone was identified by coupled gas chromatographic-electroantennographic detection (GC-EAD) ...
Reactivity and structure of derivatives of 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (lawsone)
The structures of two derivatives of 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (lawsone) are examined using the density functional theory (DFT) hybrid functional B3LYP. Using the optimized structure of lawsone acetate, the reactivity ...
Sex pheromone components of Diatraea considerata (Heinrich) (Lep., Pyralidae)
Three aldehydes. (Z)-11-hexadecenal (Z11–16:Ald), (Z)-7-hexadecenal (Z7–16:Ald) and (Z)-13-octadecenal (Z13–18:Ald), in a ratio of 74:23:3 are female-produced sex pheromone components of the pyralid moth, Diatraea considerata ...
Synthesis of 2-hydroxy-3-substituted naphthoquinones using the Heck reaction
An efficient Heck coupling of 2-hydroxy-3-iodo-naphthoquinone with a series of electron-deficient alkenes in aqueous solution has been accomplished. The method is characterized by simple conditions and facile work-up to ...
Ethyl propionate: Synergistic kairomone for african palm weevil,Rhynchophorus phoenicis L. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
Small trunk pieces of a freshly felled 10-year-old oil palm,Elaeis quineensis (Jacq.), were placed in a modified Nalgene desiccator, and volatiles captured for six days on Porapak Q. Gas chromatographic (GC) analysis of ...
Efficient syntheses of streptocarpone and (±)-a-dunnione
An efficient divergent synthesis of both streptocarpone and racemic α-dunnione from lawsone are described. A one-pot, formal [3+2] cyclization to form a furanonaphthoquinone directly provided a common intermediate.
Pheromone chirality of african palm weevil, Rhynchophorus phoenicis (F.) and palmetto weevil, Rhynthophorus crueniatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
There are four stereoisomers of both 3-methyl-octan-4-ol, the aggregation pheromone of the African palm weevil,Rhynchophorus phoenicis (F.) and 5-methyl-octan-4-ol, the aggregation pheromone of the palmetto weevil,Rhynchophorus ...