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dc.creatorImbach, Pablo
dc.creatorBeardsley, Megan
dc.creatorBouroncle Seoane, Claudia
dc.creatorMedellin, Claudia Patricia
dc.creatorLäderach, Peter
dc.creatorHidalgo León, Hugo G.
dc.creatorAlfaro Martínez, Eric J.
dc.creatorvan Etten, Jacob
dc.creatorAllan, Robert
dc.creatorHemming, Debbie
dc.creatorStone, Roger
dc.creatorHannah, Lee
dc.creatorDonatti, Camila I.
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-11T17:14:21Z
dc.date.available2018-10-11T17:14:21Z
dc.date.issued2017-03
dc.identifier.citationhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-017-1920-5es_ES
dc.identifier.issn0165-0009
dc.identifier.issn1573-1480
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10669/75980
dc.description.abstractCentral America is one of the regions most exposed to climate change (Giorgi 2006). A narrow isthmus between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, it is strongly affected by droughts, hurricanes and the El Niño-southern oscillation (ENSO) phenomena (CEPAL 2011). As a result, three countries in the region rank in the top 10 of the Global Climate Risk Index (Kreft and Eckstien 2013) based on the impacts of extreme weather events between 1993 and 2012.Much of the regional economy is based on agriculture. In Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua, more than two thirds of the population depends on agriculture. This agricultural base is often intimately tied to ecosystems, especially in diverse farming systems of smallholders. But it is increasingly threatened by climate variability and change (Bouroncle et al. 2016; Baca et al. 2014), which are inducing changes in areas suitable for crops and leading to high yield variability. Storms, floods and droughts have had the greatest impacts on agriculture in Central America over the last century (Guha-Sapir et al. 2014). This special issue addresses the adaptation challenges facing smallholders, ecosystems and ecosystem services in the region. In this introduction, we review the literature on regional climate and its drivers, climate change projections, impacts on agriculture and ecosystems, and information management for adaptation in the region. Short descriptions of the special issue contributions are provided throughout the text.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Costa Rica/[805-B6-143]/UCR/Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Costa Rica/[805-A9-532]/UCR/Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Costa Rica/[805-B4-227]/UCR/Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Costa Rica/[805-B0-065]/UCR/Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Costa Rica/[805-B0-810]/UCR/Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Costa Rica/[805-A4-906]/UCR/Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Costa Rica/[805-B6-143]/UCR/Costa Rica
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Costa Rica/[805-A9-532]/UCR/Costa Rica
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Costa Rica/[805-B4-227]/UCR/Costa Rica
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Costa Rica/[805-B0-065]/UCR/Costa Rica
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Costa Rica/[805-B0-810]/UCR/Costa Rica
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Costa Rica/[805-A4-906]/UCR/Costa Rica
dc.language.isoen_USes_ES
dc.sourceClimatic Change, Vol. 141(1), pp.1-12es_ES
dc.subjectClimate changees_ES
dc.subjectEcosystemses_ES
dc.subjectCentral Americaes_ES
dc.subjectAgriculturees_ES
dc.subject551.6 Climatología y estado atmosféricoes_ES
dc.titleClimate change, ecosystems and smallholder agriculture in Central America: an introduction to the special issuees_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.date.updated2018-10-02T20:48:09Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10584-017-1920-5
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Investigación::Unidades de Investigación::Ciencias Básicas::Centro de Investigaciones Geofísicas (CIGEFI)es_ES
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Docencia::Ciencias Básicas::Facultad de Ciencias::Escuela de Físicaes_ES
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Investigación::Unidades de Investigación::Ciencias Básicas::Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Mar y Limnología (CIMAR)es_ES
dc.identifier.codproyecto805-B6-143
dc.identifier.codproyecto805-A9-532
dc.identifier.codproyecto805-B4-227
dc.identifier.codproyecto805-B0-065
dc.identifier.codproyecto805-B0-810
dc.identifier.codproyecto805-A4-906


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