Chayote mosaic, a new disease in Sechium edule caused by a tymovirus
Hord, Melanie J.
Villalobos Muller, William
Lizano Umaña, Ana Victoria
Rivera Herrero, Carmen
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A sap-transmissible virus was isolated from chayote (Sechium edule) in Costa Rica. Infected plants showed chlorotic spots and rings, and blotchy mosaics, which often coalesced to give a complete mosaic and leaf deformation. By electron microscopy, spherical virus-like particles of approximately 29 nm in diameter were visible, and cytological changes associated with the chloroplasts were observed. The virus particles sedimented in sucrose density gradients as two components, a top component of empty protein shells and a bottom component of electrondense particles. Electrophoretic analysis showed a single-stranded RNA of approximately 5.7 kb and capsid protein (CP) subunits of ~22 kDa. The virus was identified as a member of the tymovirus group on the basis of particle morphology, size, sedimentation in sucrose gradients, cytopathological effects, and capsid protein and genome properties, and it was tentatively named chayote mosaic virus (ChMV).
copyright 1997 American Phytopathology Society Journals Articulo e información sometida por Lisela Moreira Carmona encargada de los depósitos correspondientes al área de Patógenos y Plagas de Plantas del CIBCM.
- Agronomía