Thin-layer black phosphorus/GaAs heterojunction pn diodes
Urcuyo Solórzano, Roberto
Duong, Dinh Loc
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Owing to its high carrier mobility and thickness-tunable direct band gap, black phosphorus emerges as a promising component of optoelectronic devices. Here, we evaluate the device characteristics of p-n heterojunction diodes wherein thin black phosphorus layers are interfaced with an underlying, highly n-doped GaAs substrate. The p-n heterojunctions exhibit close-to-ideal diode behavior at low bias, while under illumination they display a photoresponse that is evenly distributed over the entire junction area, with an external quantum efficiency of up to 10% at zero bias. Moreover, the observed maximum open circuit voltage of 0.6 V is consistent with the band gap estimated for a black phosphorus sheet with a thickness on the order of 10 nm. Further analysis reveals that the device performance is limited by the structural quality of the black phosphorus surface.
External link to the item10.1063/1.4922531
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