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An application of the Linear Logistic Test Model for the construction of a Fluid Intelligence Test
Una aplicación del Modelo Lineal Logístico para la construcción de un test de inteligencia fluida
El presente artículo, de corte cuantitativo, tiene como objetivo poner a prueba —a través del uso de un modelo logístico lineal (LLTM, por sus siglas en inglés)— un conjunto de operaciones cognitivas (reglas), que influencian ...
Reasoning from transitive premises: An EEG study
Neuroimaging studies have contributed to a major advance in understanding the neural and cognitive mechanisms underpinning deductive reasoning. However, the dynamics of cognitive events associated with inference making ...
The boss is always right: Preschoolers endorse the testimony of a dominant over that of a subordinate
Recent research has shown that young children rely on social cues to evaluate testimony. For instance, they prefer to endorse testimony provided by a consensual group than by a single dissenter. Given that dominance is ...
Evidence for benefits of argumentation in a Mayan indigenous population
Group discussion improves on individual reasoning performance for a wide variety of tasks. This improvement, however, could be largely specific to members of modern, schooled, affluent Western cultures. In two studies, we ...
The influence of power and reason on young Maya children's endorsement of testimony
Two important parenting strategies are to impose one's power and to use reasoning. The effect of these strategies on children's evaluation of testimony has received very little attention. Using the epistemic vigilance ...
Japanese preschoolers’ evaluation of circular and non-circular arguments
Observational and experimental data have revealed that preschoolers possess some argumentation skills, both in the production and the evaluation of arguments. However, these skills might have been fostered by the particular ...
Capítulo 8: Racionalidad, razonamiento y toma de decisiones políticas: un aporte interdisciplinarios
En todo sistema democrático representativo moderno, las elecciones conforman el proceso po-lítico más sensible e importante. No solo participa en ellas el mayor porcentaje de la población, sino que también reciben el interés ...
Cross-Cultural Differences in the Valuing of Dominance by Young Children
Developmental research suggests that young children tend to value dominant individuals over subordinates. This research, however, has nearly exclusively been carried out in Western cultures, and cross-cultural research ...
The Needs of the Many Do Not Outweigh the Needs of the Few: The Limits of Individual Sacrifice across Diverse Cultures
A long tradition of research in WEIRD (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, Democratic) countries has investigated how people weigh individual welfare versus group welfare in their moral judgments. Relatively less ...