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When a little is enough: cocoon web of Kapogea cyrtophoroides (Araneae: Araneidae) induced by Hymenoepimecis heidyae (Ichneumonidae: Pimplinae)
The final instar larvae of the koinobiont ectoparasitoids in the Polysphincta group of genera induce their host spiders to construct webs that protect the wasp pupa during its development. It has been hypothesized that ...
Messua sp. (Salticidae), the host spider of the polysphinctine Inbioia pivai (Ichneumonidae: Pimplinae)
The koinobiont ectoparasitoids of spiders in the Polysphincta genus group are divided into two well-supported clades. Species in one clade parasitize spiders in the higher araneoid group, and the behaviour of these ...
Incidence of parasitoids and predators on eggs of seven species of Therididae (Araneae)
Although many characteristics of the egg sacs of spiders likely evolved to reduce the effect of parasites and predators that attack their eggs, many parasite and predator insects have become specialized on spider eggs. ...